107 Neurophysiology & Behavior

The interaction of “breathing for respiration” with other demands on the respiratory system, both physiological and psychological, involve complex Central Nervous System and Peripheral Nervous System activities, conscious and unconscious. Despite the normally reflexive nature of respiration, neuronal function represents the nexus where learned breathing patterns interact with innate rhythms. This course includes: (1) Nervous system structure and function – the Central, Peripheral, and Autonomic Nervous Systems; (2) Integration of respiratory centers with the autonomic nervous system; (3) Chemoreceptors and other sensory elements sensitive to changes of pH and gases; (4) Neurotransmitters, including nitric oxide; (5) Innervation of respiratory muscles by neurons from the connectome of the ventrolateral medulla (VLM) system for respiratory rhythms – breathing centers and other circuits; and (6) Neuroendocrine interactions – hormonal influences that impact respiratory function.