405 Breathing Habit Modification

Habit modification is client-centered, not treatment oriented. Objective – learning new unconscious breathing habits vs. imposing conscious breathing exercises; Crisis interventions – breathing techniques, cognition, band aids devices; Cognitive learning – new thoughts, new interpretations of symptoms, new understandings; Desensitization – of conditioned emotional & motivational responses associated with breathing mechanics & breathing mediated symptoms; Extinction – removal of reinforcements for dysfunctional habits, reinforcement for adaptive competing responses, deactivating behavioral triggers; Negative practice – intentional engagement of dysfunctional habits, e.g., chest breathing; Reinforcements – establishing new reinforcements, changing behavioral preferences; New Habits – allowing for respiratory reflexes (trust), diaphragmatic breathing, quiet breathing; Biofeedback – EMG and CO2 feedback; Generalization – learning in the field.