409 Somatic Biofeedback

Dysfunctional breathing habits not only compromise respiratory physiology, but they frequently have direct, immediate, and profound effects on other physiological systems, especially the musculoskeletal system: Dysponesis – misplaced muscle effort, e.g., bracing with the jaw while inhaling; Functional disorders – identifying dysponesis with symptoms like headaches, visual disturbances, dizziness, nausea, unstable gait, coughing, intestinal upset; Origins – understanding how repetitive patterns of misplaced effort become dysponetic habits; Conditioning – approaching dysponesis as a conditioned flexor-withdrawal response to painful stimuli; Trigger points – .development of painful knots of muscle in muscle groups that “splint” the injured area; EMG biofeedback – the role of relaxing unrelated muscle groups; Chronic dysfunctional breathing habit retraining – reversing abnormal EMG patterns in breathing accessory muscles, due to dysponetic postural adaption; Integrated approaches.